Jordan has a population of 5.16 million inhabitants, of which Jordanians constituted 92% and non-Jordanians 8%. The population's gender breakdown was almost equal with 52% males and 48% females. Jordan has a relatively young population, with 41% of its inhabitants below the age of 15. The workforce (age bracket 15-64) represents 56% of population, and 3% are 64 and above.
Jordan has an 85% literacy rate, one of the highest in the region and among developing countries. More than 17% of Jordanians go on to receive higher education. Today, Jordan has close to 20,000 graduates with post graduate degrees.
Jordan's terrain extends to approximately 90,000 sq.km., providing a diverse range of landscapes. The Badia plains lie to the east with hills and mountains in the center. The fertile rift valley cleaves the length of the country forming a natural boundary to the west into which the Jordan River flows and converges at the Dead Sea, the lowest point on earth. The port of Aquaba, at the southern tip of the Kingdom, gives Jordan an access to the Red Sea, among which other MENA ports are located.
Jordan at Glance
Population : 5.16 million
Geographic co-ordinates : 29 - 34 00 N, 35 - 39 E
Location : Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle East, Northwest of Saudi Arabia, south of Syria, Southwest of Iraq, and east of Israel and the Occupied West Bank. Jordan has access to the Red Sea via the port city of Aqaba, located at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba.
Total : 89,213 sq. km (34, 445 sq. miles)
Land : 88,884 sq. km (34, 318 sq. miles)
Water : 329 sq. km (127 sq. miles)
Language: Arabic is the official language, but English is widely spoken .
Jordan has a combination of Mediterranean and arid desert climates, with Mediterranean climates prevailing in the north and west of the country, while the majority of the country is desert. Generally, the country has warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters, with annual average temperatures ranging from 12 to 25 C (54 to 77 F) and summertime highs reaching the 40s (105-115 F) in the desert regions. Rainfall averages vary from 50mm (1.97 inches) annually in the desert to as much as 800 mm (31.5 inches) in the northern hills, some of which falls as snow.
Jordan's currency is the Jordanian Dinar, or JD. It is subdivided into 1000 fils, or 100 qirsh or piasters. It appears in paper notes of 50, 20, 10, 5, 1, and 0.5 JD denominations. Coins come in denominations of 1 JD, 0.5 JD, 0.25 JD, and 100, 50, 25, 10 and 5 fils.
The rate of exchange is 1 JD = 1.42 US $.
Fridays and Saturdays government offices, banks and most offices are closed. Government departments are open from 08:00 to 15:00 daily, Sunday to Thursday.
January 1 New Year
January 30 King Abdullah's Birthday
Shawal 1st for 3 Days Eid Al Fitr
The AL Hijeh 1st for 4 Days Eid Al Adha
Muharram 1st Hijra New Year
May 1 Labor Day
May 25 Independence Day
12 Rabi' 1 Prophet's Birthday
November 14 King Hussein Remembrance Day
November 16 El Issra' Wall-Mi'raj
December 25 Christmas
Time is GMT + 2 (in winter, + 3 in summer), or 7 hours ahead of US Eastern Standard Time. Summer time is observed from April through September.
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